History of the Park

(Green Island Human Rights Music Festival titled Un-imprisonable Sound was held on 17 May 2005. )

Throughout the world, the history of taking people and incarcerating them on some remote island stretches back centuries. The 20th-century example of the Green Island prisons is typical of humanity’s thinking along these lines. According to the documentary record, Han people first immigrated to Green Island over 200 years ago. But today, the image of Green Island held by the vast majority of people mainly begins with the first group of political prisoners brought here on 17 May 1951, follewed by the political prisoners of the martial law period, gangsters, and difficult-to-control non-political prisoners. Right up to the present, Green Island is still host to a prison, which has been operated in the village of Chungliao since 1972 by the Ministry of Justice. The first prison constructed in the park area was built by the Japanese, the Burnt Island Detention Center for Vagrants, which operated from 1911 to 1919. The Kuomintang government continued with various types of prisons, starting with the construction of the New Life Correction Center, run by the Taiwan Security Command from 1951 to 1965, followed by the Taiwan Garrison Command’s Third Training Headquarters, from 1965 to 1991. After that, there were the Ministry of National Defense Green Island Reform and Instructional Prison (Oasis Villa), from 1972 to 1987, and then the Green Island Vocational Training Center, from 1993 to 2002. The area encompassed by the park today was recognized by the Executive Yuan in April 2004.

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